Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

The Research Process of Information Literacy

What Is Information Literacy?

Information literacy is the ability to find and evaluate information to help make sound decisions in life, whether for academic, professional, or personal purposes. 

Using information literacy to make decisions about your academic research assignments involves applying the research process of information literacy:

  1. Identify the information you need.
  2. Find the best source(s) for the needed information.
  3. Search your chosen resource(s) for your information. 
  4. Evaluate your retrieved information.
  5. Use your information to successfully complete your assignment.

The research process of information literacy is a repetitive process, meaning that instead of moving through the process sequentially, as in a checklist, you may repeat steps of the process as necessary in order to discover the best information to support your topic.  


This guide will help you navigate the stages of the research process of information literacy as you complete your assignments.  Utilize the "Back" and "Next" buttons on each page to advance through the guide, or use the tabs on the left to choose a specific topic you would like to learn more about.